English Language Family Tree

Indo-European Language TreeOh man – this is a beautiful rendering of the Indo-European language family, stretching from English, to Russian, to Hindi–and also, like anything worth viewing on the internet, augmented by playful cats (full image below). Artist Minna Sundberg regretted that there wasn’t space to include hundreds of smaller linguistic offshoots, so the map is definitely not exhaustive, but still an impressive undertaking. Many who commented on the site didn’t seem to understand the concept of a language family, wondering why other significant languages were excluded (Arabic, Turkish, Tamil, etc.). Continue reading

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Squanto: America’s First Secretary of State

SquantoAccording to Thanksgiving lore, a friendly Native American named Squanto served as a guide and interpreter for the Pilgrims of the Plymouth Colony. Squanto facilitated their relationship with the Wampanoag tibe, without whom the pilgrims most likely would not have survived their first winter.

And why was Squanto such a key player? He spoke English. How exactly Squanto came to possess this ability is generally glossed over so we can get to the part of the story where everyone eats Turkey. But considering that, without Squanto and his language abilities, no Pilgrim would have been alive to enjoy said Turkey, this seems like a pretty glaring omission.

As it turns out, Squanto, whose real name was Tisquantum, was quite the character in pre-American foreign policy. Before meeting the Pilgrims, Tisquantum had already crossed the Atlantic Ocean six times, spending more than a decade in England and Spain, all as a result of bing kidnapped on three separate occasions.

Here’s a timeline of Tisquantum’s pre-Pilgrim life, adapted from reference.com: Continue reading